Sunday, May 24, 2020

Differences Between Christianity And Buddhism - 2100 Words

The purpose of this paper was to examine and discover the similarities and the differences of Christianity and Buddhism in their worldview philosophies and attitude concerning healthcare. A comparative analysis was completed between the two religions as it relates to their respective belief systems, spiritual practices, overview on health and perspective on healing. Although results revealed some similarities, subtle and significant differences do exist. Healthcare providers need to be familiar with these nuances in order to meet the healthcare needs of a spiritually diverse population. Health Care Provider and Faith Diversity: First Draft Spiritual diversity has become a seemingly ubiquitous part in today’s healthcare. Doctors, nurses and other providers are challenged on a daily basis in an attempt to consider and assimilate their patient’s different religious beliefs. The recent trends and strong indications of religious vitality and diversity present a pressing need to recognize various faith traditions in healthcare ethics (Reimer-Kirkham, Grypma, Terblanche, 2013). Christianity and Buddhism, two of the most widely practiced religions today, bring their own viewpoints concerning healthcare. These religious beliefs may have similar ideas with regard to illness and healing. However, the differences in health practices and the approach to achieving optimal health can be both insignificant and consequential. This paper will explore and compareShow MoreRelatedDifferences Between Christianity And Buddhism1481 Words   |  6 Pagesand spiritual needs. Although physical and emotional needs are equally important, this paper will focus on the patient’s spiritual needs. It specifically will look at the differences and similarities between Christianity and Buddhism. The worldview of both religions will be explored, and a summary will be given of the differences. Common elements of all religions will be examined. Those things that are important to patients of different faiths will be presented with an emphasis on nursing. LastlyRead MoreDifferences Between Christianity And Buddhism1636 Words   |  7 Pagesthat will be discussed in this paper; Christianity and Buddhism will be the faiths in focus along with the effects on the concept of worldview. Common Components and Health Care Christianity. â€Å"For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him† Colossians 1:16 (King James Bible Online). Christianity is a monotheistic religion, meaningRead MoreDifferences Between Christianity And Buddhism1184 Words   |  5 Pagesa person’s spirituality. Christianity is the largest of these religions, with more than 2.2 billion adherents. Buddhism is also another religion practiced that has around 360 million followers. This paper will compare both of these religions according to their worldviews and also tie in their health care implications. A worldview helps to form a person’s thoughts and opinions. It determines someone’s values and decisions in life. Although Christianity and Buddhism are different in many waysRead MoreDifferences Between Christianity And Buddhism2030 Words   |  9 PagesThis paper is a comparison between two very different religions, specifically Christianity and Buddhism. Coming from opposite sides of the globe these two religions could not be any farther apart in any aspect. I will discuss who Christ is for Christians and who Buddha is for Buddhists. I will also get into the aspects of charity, love, and compassion in both religions and I will be looking at the individual self and how Christians see resurrection where the Buddhists feel about the afterlife. OneRead MoreDifference and Similarities Between Christianity and Four (4) World Religion, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Muslims and Hinduism.2305 Words   |  10 Pages Title: Difference and Similarities between Christianity and Four (4) World Religion, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Muslims and Hinduism. Introduction: In the world today there are many religions of different beliefs with vast numbers of followers. However, some of these religions turn to have similarities and differences which defer them from each another. The following report briefly talks about the differences and similarities between Christianity and other four (4) major world religions and theyRead MoreChristianity And Buddhism : A Nation Of Many Religions Essay844 Words   |  4 Pagestheir life, so they relay themselves on religion. Christianity and Buddhism are two ancient religions which both have being on earth for a long time. Both religions are based on the teachings of one man. Moreover, they have many similarities as well as differences. They both have a place of adoration. For Christians is a church, chapel, cathedral, and may others. For Buddhism is a monastery, nunneries, pagodas, and temples. Both Christianity as Buddhism believe on the adoration of something, which willRead More Comparing Buddhism and Christianity Essay1410 Words   |  6 PagesComparing Buddhism and Christianity In the early sixth century Christianity was evolving at a rapid pace. The spread of Christianity was not only moving westward through Europe, but it was also moving eastward down the Silk Road. The eastward spread of Christianity was primarily a form of Christianity known as Nestorianism, after the teachings of Nestorius, a fifth century patriarch. By 635 Nestorian Christianity had reached the heart of China spreading through all of Persia and India. DuringRead MoreBuddhism and Christianity1411 Words   |  6 PagesIn the early sixth century Christianity was evolving at a rapid pace. The spread of Christianity was not only moving westward through Europe, but it was also moving eastward down the Silk Road. The eastward spread of Christianity was primarily a form of Christianity known as Nestorianism, after the teachings of Nestorius, a fifth century patriarch. By 635 Nestorian Christianity had reached the heart of China spreading through all of Persia and India. During the middl e of the seventh century NestorianRead MoreThe Religion Of Islam And Islam1544 Words   |  7 Pagesreligions are different in many aspects, but respect the opposing religious groups. Examples of these religions are Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity that originated from different regions and cultures. While Buddhism comes from a different background, Islam and Christianity come from the same source, and have spread in similar ways throughout history, however, the three religions have differences in their philosophies and practices. These three religions differ in origin, practices, beliefs, worship, andRead MoreChristianity vs Buddhism923 Words   |  4 Pagestruths,† said by Muhammad Ali. Religion is the belief and reverence for a supernatural power and powers regarded as creator and governor of the universe (2003). The religions I’ve chose to compare and contrast would be non denomination/ Christianity and Buddhism. Each religion would be broken down by their religious belief, religious ritual, and religious experience. The definition of these religious things are: religious belief is a statement to which members of a particular religion adhere, religious

Monday, May 18, 2020

Syrian Civil War - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 772 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/05/18 Category History Essay Level High school Tags: Civil War Essay War Essay Did you like this example? About a week ago, you wake up to the news of the U.S. sending strikes of missiles attacking the nation of Syria. President Donald Trump claims that the international community is to blame for not settling the conflicts in Syria. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Syrian Civil War" essay for you Create order As a result, the U.S. took the problem into their own hands and further involved themselves to calm the situation. This event is a result from the Syrian Civil War and the Syrian government attacking its own people with poisonous gas, killing dozens. This and many other incidents have caused Syrians to gather their belongings and travel away from Syria, attempting to go anywhere. It first began with lesser significant occurrences, like droughts and lack of work. These problems are not trivial, but slight in comparison to the war going on within the country. The Syrian refugees started migrating to countries across the Mediterranean Sea, like Greece and Turkey, Now, refugees have been recorded to migrate to other countries to avoid the war of Syria, like those in Eastern Europe and North America. As far as the cause of the Syrian War, it all began around March 2011. Protests began to occur after teenagers were captured and tortured over paintings of revolutionary mottos. Once the protestors had organized a large group and stop obeying the security, the nations security forces had enough and began opening fire. This only opened up room for more activists to take to the streets. It ultimately became a battle between those who supported the government and those who rebelled it. Activists were upset from constant lack of freedom, economic troubles, and global problems like global warming. The rebels hoped to accomplish in the removal of President Assad and his forces to make room for a new government in which they can decide. President Assad wanted to stop all forces opposing the government and rule with a dictator-like command. The war ended up taking place on its own country. According to ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF SYRIAN REFUGEES IN LEBANON AND THEIR EMPLOYMENT PROFILE, over twelve million Syrians have fled their homes because of their communities and homes becoming the battleground of the Syrian war (Masri, 2014). During the Syrian war, there were multiple levels of conflict. During the protesting for the captured teenagers, this was a time of civil disobedience. The protestors were challenging the law and standing up for what they believed in. Even though it ended up with the government killing activists, they stood up against a law they saw as unjust. Since 2012, the war progressed to a LIC (Low Intensity Conflict) which included asymmetrical warfare. The captured teenagers drew paintings terrorism when they painted revolutionary mottos on a school. They used these pictures to express their anger toward the government. This helped gather more people for their cause and struck fear in the opposition. They also were involved in asymmetrical warfare while the rebels faced off against the Syrian army along the civilians who agreed with President Assad. Since the start of this war, over 465,000 Syrians have lost their life from the war, over a million injured from the war, and over 12 million hav e been displaced from their original homes 12 million was half the countrys prewar population. President Assad has not been battling fair either. Assad dropped bombs filled with poisonous agents on a town with only women and children that basically wiped most of their civilians. The U.S. and other countries are attempting to help the rebels fight out Assad and his army. Like I stated earlier, the U.S. bombed a Syrian air force base where Assad has control to weaken his forces. Russia bombed parts of Syria owned by terrorist groups. Surrounding and Arab countries like Saudi Arabia and Turkey helped supply the rebels with weapons and other materials. It can now be evaluated to a point where the war can seem like a Shia versus Sunni war. The government of Majority-Shia Iran and Iraq support Assad and his government while Sunni-majority states like Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar stand ready for the rebels. As far has the war has come, it is not over yet. For the consequences, they will have a divided country to bring together which may take years. Their civilians are spread throughout the continents and may never come back. This also put a strain on the Shia-Sunni relations. This has been a long battle coming and I dont believe thing can go back as they used to. The only way I see for this to end peacefully is for Assad to give up his presence as president and allows the rebel to decide their government.

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

To what extent do ways of knowing prevent us from deluding...

To what extent do ways of knowing prevent us from deluding ourselves? Justify your answer with reference to at least one area of knowledge Ways of knowing are the core of TOK for us to get knowledge in different Areas of Knowledge. The two key terms on this essay question are â€Å"ways of Knowing† and â€Å"deluding ourselves†. â€Å"Ways of knowing are how we acquire knowledge about the world around us, and figure out our relationship with it†. (IB Diploma Program, 31) Ways of Knowing help us to understand Areas of Knowledge fully. TOK has 8 Ways of Knowing; on this essay I will discuss the three ways: - sense perception, emotions, and reasoning. â€Å"Deluding ourselves† means to mislead the mind or judgment. It means deceiving ourselves. In other†¦show more content†¦That fear will cause me to run (Theory of Knowledge). These decisions have to be decided quickly and they come from our emotions. The last but not the least is reasons. Reasoning is justification for something. Reasoning follows logic or the truth. It prevents us from deluding ourselves since when we are reasoning we use evidence to conclude and we accept the truth whether we like it or not. In order to get knowledge in science we usually use inductive and deductive arguments. We need to see the past patterns to generalize knowledge. Unless we generalize and put them as a theory or a law, it is hard to get knowledge from natural science. Deductive reasoning uses specific premises to conclude a truth, and if the premises are true, the conclusion is impossible to be false. For example- All IB students must do TOK and EE Adam is an IB student Adam must do TOK and EE (Theory of Knowledge ) Such generalizations help us to come to a specific truth. In natural science, when scientists come up with a theory, first they will do an experiment and they will look for patterns in order to make conclusions. For example- My grandfather has diabetes, my father has also has diabetes, and I also has diabetes, so my son will have diabetes problem. Such knowledge is very important in natural science to give a reliable knowledge through reasoning. However, to some extent, ways of knowing may delude us from knowing the truth. Ways of knowing are dependent on eachShow MoreRelatedExploring Corporate Strategy - Case164366 Words   |  658 Pagesstrategic issues of speciï ¬ c organisations in much greater depth – and often providing ‘solutions’ to some of the problems or difï ¬ culties identiï ¬ ed in the case. There are also over 33 classic cases on the Companion Website. These are a selection of cases from recent editions of the book which remain relevant for teaching. The case studies are intended to serve as a basis for class discussion and not as an illustration of either good or bad management practice. They are not intended to be a comprehensive

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay Benjamin Franklin and Henry David Thoreaus Religions

Benjamin Franklin and Henry David Thoreaus Religions Benjamin Franklin and Henry David Thoreau are by no means religious in any traditional sense of the word. If, however, â€Å"religious† is taken to mean the â€Å"belief in any sort of supreme being...that obliges ethical or moral conduct†, then both Franklin and Thoreau fall into this category. Though the two are strikingly opposite in their manner and social interaction, they are both held to a religious and personal standard. Their individual spiritual beliefs, ethical codes, and their â€Å"quality of life†show that all of their actions and thoughts are held by themselves to a higher standard. Both men have specific beliefs about the existence of God and†¦show more content†¦He also believed in the joys of nature; he believed them to be gifts that life should be â€Å"earnestly lived from beginning to end†, true to one’s beliefs (Thoreau 34). Their beliefs also led to them possessing specific moral codes about how to live in the world. Franklin was more traditional in this sense; most of his influences came from Christianity and the Ten Commandments. He has very specific beliefs about right and wrong and this is shown in his determination to achieve perfection. He believed that God gave humans the common sense to know what was bad for them and that the reason certain things were bad was that they were detrimental to the individual or to society which can be seen in his attitude towards idle behavior like lust and drinking. Thoreau’s attitudes also reflect common sense. He highly disapproved of falsity, materialism, commercialism, capitalism, and greed. He said that the â€Å"mainspring of humanity is vanity† and that â€Å"the devil finds employment for the idle (Thoreau 39, 49) . All of these coincide with religious views, even if he was not a â€Å"religious† person. He prides himself on the fact that he is able to survive on a small amount of money and that he getting back to nature. Both men’s beliefs can be seen in their quality of life and in their interaction with the world. Franklin was a revolutionary; always seeking change for the better, whether in himself orShow MoreRelatedThe Emergence Of Self Concept1489 Words   |  6 PagesThe Emergence of Self Throughout our history the idea of self has developed and proved to be a dominant concept that Americans have come to understand. Not defined or found in lineage, religion, or history, the concept of self is defined by a collection of values. These values and principles are rooted in individualism, self-actualization, and self-reliance where people are able to fulfill their own destiny and believe in the promise that through ward work and determination life can be differentRead MoreThe Long History Of Summer Camp1901 Words   |  8 Pagestradition. Their new ideas in regards to religion, personal growth, and the natural world becoming increasingly accepted in society created a foundation for this establishment. From the 17th century scientific revolution in England, and later the Enlightenment that spread and emphasis on logic to America, came a new religious philosophy called Deism. In reaction to the Calvinist practices of the Puritans, Deism denied the legitimacy of organized religion and instead emphasized the idea that God

Aviation Security Free Essays

Prior to the 9/11 attack, the US Aviation had little concern over the threat of either hijacking or terrorism. Surveys detailing the passengers’ concerns in flights were more directed towards the airlines’ maintenance and safety than the risk of being hijacked or being attacked by terrorists (Rosenzweig and Kochems, 2005). But after the 9/11 attack, especially with terrorists having used planes as the instruments for initiating a global anxiety over terrorism, aviation security has become an utmost priority of the Department of Homeland Security (Decker, 2005). We will write a custom essay sample on Aviation Security or any similar topic only for you Order Now Increased international concern over terrorist-related aviation security heightened after the attack. This is evidenced by several complaints and questions issued immediately after 9/11. According to the Citizens’ Complaint and Petition as filed with NY AG Eliot Spitzer on November 2004, New York citizens were dissatisfied with official investigations done regarding the attack. Some of the implications of the complaint include the citizens’ suspicion of unsatisfactory intelligence prior to September 11 and that some government officials are responsible for the attack and are directly to blame for the tragedy. In other words, the citizens doubt that the tragedy was a result of mere incompetence on the part of the intelligence committee but more of an act of complicity between the terrorists and some officials. Quoting from the complaint: â€Å"A majority of citizens come to suspect high crimes and treachery within their own government, but cannot find officials with enough courage, power or independence to thoroughly investigate their concerns and restore the public trust (2004). † Moreover, the citizens are concerned that the government is deliberately hiding the real results of the investigation regarding the 9/11 attack keeping their questions from being answered and their peace of mind untended. Representative Cynthia McKinney of Georgia responded to a 9/11 briefing saying that a number of families of the 9/11 tragedy’s victims share her concerns about the truth on all aspects about the 9/11 attack: â€Å"This calls for another look at the government’s account of 9/11, which guides so much of what has happened since. Mistakes of fact, intentional or not, have changed and guided America into costly wars and increased insecurity at home. They need to be addressed and scrutinized, not dismissed and used to attack those who discover or raise those (2005). † Although not stated directly such complaints imply the citizens’ concern for justice and the assurance that their government could be trusted with providing them with their right to a safe environment. Such actions and concerns by the citizens force the government to respond by enhancing security measures especially in aviation, and improving intelligence and investigative capabilities as demanded by the rising anxiety resulting from the tragedy. The complaint also expressed concerns over the taxing effect of â€Å"exaggerated† security measures on civil liberty but notwithstanding, most are still willing to sacrifice the said liberty in exchange for the safety that they demand to be ensured of. In this era of terrorist threat, the citizens regard their civil liberty as second only to their safety. This proves the growing concern of the public over security with its extent emphasized by the object they are willing to exchange it for (O’Connor, 2006). In ensuring the safety of the people and the state, one very important factor to consider is the efficiency in allocation of resources. Clearly, it would be unwise to try to protect everything from terrorist attacks because of limited resources and the asymmetric aspect of risks and consequences afforded to different assets. Here assets refer to people, structures, places, ideas, or any possible object (or non-object) that terrorists may direct their attack to (Rosenzweig and Kochems, 2005). The Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security, Michael Chertoff, recognizes the state’s limitation in resources and emphasized in one of his speeches, the need for an â€Å"objective measure of risk (Rosenzweig and Kochems, 2005). † Here is where the risk-based approach to counterterrorism comes. In other words, prioritization is very important in ensuring the efficiency in allocation of resources. The efficiency in allocation of resources can be realized by using the risk-based approach. Risk-based Approach to counterterrorism involves the identification and analysis of risks or threats, vulnerability, and criticality. The assessment of these factors is critical in determining how to allocate resources efficiently for maximum prevention of terrorism, which is the main purpose counterterrorism (Decker, 2005). The analysis of threats involves the identification of current assets that are most at risk to terrorist attacks, the capacity of the terrorists to attack the asset, the chance of success of the possible attack and the possible consequences if such attacks were successful (Decker, 2005). If the analysis of threats involves the risks, the analysis of vulnerabilities involves the assessment of the state’s limitations in terms of resources, capabilities and assets. The identification of possible structures which are most at risk to being attacked, the limitations of intelligence, the limitations in terms of funds, are aspects which are important in the analysis of vulnerabilities because these weaknesses, aside from being easily manipulated by terrorists to their advantage, could also cripple our forces if successfully attacked (Decker, 2005). The analysis of criticality involves the possible effect of a successful attack. Here, the differences in consequences afforded by successful attacks are considered. It is important to consider in the analysis of criticality, the assets’ functions and the degree to which a successful attack would cause damage not only to the states’ functions but also to the peoples’ psychological status and moral excellence (Decker, 2005). To summarize, risk is the primary consideration in the actions and decisions executed for the prevention of terrorism. Analyzing the processes involved in the risk-based approach to counterterrorism, we can deduce that the factors influencing the â€Å"objective† value attributed to â€Å"risk† are the probability of attack, the probability of a successful attack and the probable degree of damage caused by the successful attack (Rosenzweig and Kochems, 2005). Considering the factors involved in the assessment of risk, aviation deserves to be one of those included in the list of high priority assets. The success of the 9/11 attack exemplifies the degree of risk involved in aviation. The probability of attack is high considering the limitations in security especially when an airline is not on land, which also increases its chance of success. The damage involved includes the lives of civilians, the loss of the airline involved, disruption in economic activity and abstract losses such as psychological and morale discord. In response to the threat associated with aviation, TSA Administrator Kip Hawley announced changes in security procedures. These changes include more intensive screenings and a longer list of prohibited items. Understandably, firearms, ammunition and any other explosive including fireworks are not permitted at the checkpoint and in any checked or carry-on baggage. Lighters, pocketknives, teargas and other weapons of self-defense are now prohibited at checkpoint (â€Å"TSA reminds passengers to:†¦ †, 2006). A more intensive detection procedure for greater threats such as explosives and guns is now implemented. One security tactic implemented in aviation is that of unpredictability. This is called the layered-screening approach. Various random methods are now used to screen passengers. According to Hawley, it is important that the aviation security is equipped with the â€Å"weapon of uncertainty† so as not to let terrorists gain the advantage of knowledge to easily maneuver situations for the accomplishment of their terrorist plans. Also, according to Hawley, this tactic will help the security team in focusing endeavors to preventing individuals from gaining access to the object of their harmful intent (â€Å"TSA Unveils Enhanced Security Screening Procedures and Changes to the Prohibited Items List†, 2005). Before, aviation security measures include only passing through metal detectors and the screening of baggage. The new security measure now includes additional screenings such as screening of shoes and clothes for explosives, more extensive inspections of baggage and the passenger himself. All these additional measures are done randomly in accordance with the layered screening approach (â€Å"TSA Unveils Enhanced Security Screening Procedures and Changes to the Prohibited Items List†, 2005). Secure Flight is a program specially designed for the enhancement of aviation security, specifically targeted to the prevention of terrorist attacks. This program involves the screening of passengers against a terrorist watch list provided by the FBI: an enhanced screening process, identity authentication process, checking of a passenger name against a database and an appeals process for misidentified passengers (Elias, 2005). It is developed to displace the Computer Assisted Prescreening System. The reliability of the program has been questioned because of possible damage to civil liberties, as names are not always unique (Singel, 2004). Although the detection of terrorist-passengers is essential in ensuring safety, the program’s imperviousness to hackers is questionable. Just recently, the Associated Press reported the suspension of the program because of this issue. Still, Hawley recognizes that the program is essential to aviation security (â€Å"Secure Flight†, 2006). In any case, the main problems associated with security checks involve damages to civil liberties and privacy. Programs like Secure Flight, CAPPS and Clear, operated by a private company, Verified Identity Pass, Inc. are continually being suspended due to issues concerning privacy. In a report done by the Department of Homeland Security, the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), EPIC impels the TSA to suspend all private programs including Clear until the concerns over the implications of the programs on privacy are resolved, especially with the use of databases and watch lists. Also, EPIC impels the suspension of the programs until regulations are polished to comply with laws on Privacy (â€Å"Comments on the Electronic Privacy Information Center†, 2005). PDD 39 or the US Counterterrorism Policy formally states the US’ position regarding terrorism. It outlines the country’s purposes and procedures in implementing counterterrorism strategies. It treats all aspects of terrorism whether it is direct or indirect participation both as a crime and a threat to the national security. In this regard, the US Policy on counterterrorism vows to apply all means to fight terrorism (Clinton, 1995). Specifically, the US counterterrorism policy aims to reduce the state’s vulnerabilities against possible threats, deter terrorism, enhance facilities, prevent entrance of weapons of mass destruction and further lead agency responsibilities. The implementation of such tasks is delegated to specific departments. In the case of aviation, it is the TSA, part of the Department of Homeland Security that is tasked in ensuring the safety of flight passengers as well as the transportation of cargo. In the event of increased threats of terrorism, the TSA’s security measures as outlined in the previous paragraphs, have been satisfactory in providing the citizens security (â€Å"Aviation Security: Efforts to measure†¦Ã¢â‚¬ , 2003). For instance, the more intensive screening done to passengers is consistent to the US counterterrorism policies. One, it prevents the entrance of terrorists and thus their inducing terror to the citizens inside national boundaries. Also, the intensive screening and enhanced detection capacities prevent the entrance of weapons of mass destruction, reducing the risks such weapons afford the citizens and other assets of the nation. Specifically, the TSA policy involved in the prevention of weapons of mass destruction is the stricter monitoring of freight, as well as the passengers’ baggage (â€Å"Airport Passenger Screening:†¦Ã¢â‚¬ , 2003). Other TSA policies that are consistent with the US counterterrorism policy is its enhanced list of prohibited items. Now that pocketknives, teargas and even lighters are prohibited at checkpoint, the probability of hijacking is reduced. Efforts like training screeners also deter terrorism by decreasing the likelihood of small detection errors that could have caused heavy damage to the nation. Proposals like the implementation of CAPP and Secure flight, although plagued by criticisms (Singel, 2004), are also aimed to comply with the US Counterterrorism policies. Both of which could be placed under the â€Å"enhancing counterterrorism capabilities† aspect of the US counterterrorism policies. Counterterrorism measures, aside from its mission being to combat terrorism, are done to give the citizens a perception of safety with its heightened efforts to ensure their security. This is very evident in the security measures implemented in airports where passengers are doubly screened, to the dismay of those with terrorist purposes and those shouting for their civil liberties. Given the extra efforts by the Department of Homeland Security to grant the citizens their right to safety, the citizens were supposed to feel extra safe. This is not the case. Extra efforts to provide the citizens the safety they deserve only confirms the degree of danger they perceive to be in to. To add to this, the media overly emphasize the risk posed by terrorism fueling with publicity-derived strength. If the government’s efforts are directed towards giving the citizens security or at least a perception of it, the terrorists, being what they are, aim to instill fear and terror, if not physically with bombs, at least psychologically. It appears that the media and the perpetrators of terror are living symbiotically: the media are giving the terrorists its required publicity to instill terror in the minds of the people and the terrorists provide the media with good stories to tell. In addition, it is the media which gives so much coverage to the extra counterterrorist efforts given by the government which reflects not only the strengths but also its weaknesses. The very idea that the efforts of the government to provide the citizens with security are with loopholes has much more effect in the people’s minds even if its strengths outweighs the weaknesses. The result is the realization of terrorist goals which is to instill fear and terror in every possible way as well as influence the media audience with distrust in the government’s security efforts (Bowdish, 2006). The internet seems to provide the terrorists with one of the best means to disseminate fear, taking advantage of the anonymity and its fast-paced nature. Lots of websites in the internet are now being maintained, unbeknownst to the civilians, by terrorists (Glass, 2001). This medium is especially useful in speedy dissemination of visuals and ideas that instill fear. Other methods include: manipulating reports by promoting contrived neutrality, indirectly aimed at making civilians question any actions done by the state, its policies, security measures and its legitimacy. Some civilians, with their good intention of fighting for freedom are unknowingly influenced by propaganda tactically planned by terrorists (Bowdish, 2006). They are unknowing victims of terrorist machinations. With the government’s passing of new policies aimed at securing the people, specifically, the layered screening done in airports, and the new and unpredictable methods strategically imposed to prevent easy entrance of terrorists in the US, the government has satisfactorily defended the state and most importantly its citizens from terrorism. Unfortunately, the government could only do so with the physical aspect of terrorism. Information can easily be manipulated and with very minimal censorship through the media and from this terrorist weapon, the government can do very little to protect the citizens. The government is not in control of the information disseminated in the media, nor do they have the power to choose which information to be withheld and which information to be broadcasted. In addition, it would not be unwise to control the media as this would only add to the psychological effect that the terrorists, with the help of the media, are producing (Bowdish, 2006). Counterterrorism methods employed today are very much similar to the methods employed in the 1980’s during the Drug War when in 1984; President Ronald Reagan militarized the drug war starting from urine testing and forfeiture of properties towards a decreased threshold of arrest with only hearsay evidence and the use of surveillance systems (â€Å"Drug War†, 2004). Similar to the counterterrorism methods expounded in the revised US Patriot Act, the government officials have expanded powers over gathering information which involves, like that in the Drug War, lower threshold of evidence needed for the arrest of suspected individuals, and forfeiture of properties of those suspected to be working for terrorists. Like in the Drug War, the efforts and procedures employed in combating terrorism are not fully supported by the citizens. Both in the 1980s drug war and today’s counterterrorism involve the citizens’ derision over the loss of their civil liberty and their petition for human rights (â€Å"Drug War†, 2004). In both events, there is an increase in government spending, in 1980’s, to contain drug use and at present, to combat terrorism and increase national security. During the drug war, campaigns for and against the legalization of marijuana had spread in all mediums of communication: radio, newspaper and television. In today’s war against terrorism, the internet has been added to the list of mediums used in campaigns. Like today’s war against terrorism, the efforts in reducing drug use in the 1980s seemed to be futile. Despite the government’s efforts in preventing increase in drug use through the passage of laws and implementation of stricter penalties, the rate of drug abuse had not changed significantly. Today’s war on terrorism involves the same seemingly futile efforts. Terrorists, being as they are, would not be easily deterred by any law or security measure (Bowdish, 2006). They would always try to find means to gain access to whatever vulnerability the nation may have and actuate their terrorist plans. But still, even with this seeming futility, the government is supposed to act towards the betterment of the society and that betterment does not include any hazard and that includes both drugs and terrorism. References â€Å"Airport Passenger Screening: Preliminary Observations on Progress Made and Challenges Remaining†. (Sep 2003). General Accounting Office Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Aviation, Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, House of Representatives. Washington DC: US. â€Å"Aviation Security: Efforts to Measure Effectiveness and Strengthen Security Programs†. (20 Nov. 2003). General Accounting Office Testimony Before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives. Washington DC: Berrick, C. Bowdish, R. (5 May 2006). Cerberus to Mind: Media as Sentinel in the Fight against Terrorism. Strategic Insights. 5 (5). â€Å"Citizens’ Complaint and Petition as Filed With NY AG Eliot Spitzer† (19 November 2004). The Justice for 9/11 Steering Committee. USA. Clinton, W. (21 Jun. 2005). PDD 39: US Policy on Counterterrorism. The White House. Washington, D. C. â€Å"Comments of the Electronic Privacy Information Center† (08 Dec. 2005). Department of Homeland Security. Washington DC: Rotenberg, M. Decker, R. (2005). Homeland Security: A Risk Management Approach Can Guide Preperedness Efforts. Testimony before the Senate Committee on Government Affairs. USA. â€Å"Drug War 101†. (n. d. ). Human Rights and Drug War Website. Retrieved 10 August 2006 from the World Wide Web: http://www. hr95. org/dw101. htm. Elias, B. et. al. (04 Mar 2005). Homeland Security: Air Passenger Prescreening and Counterterrorism. CRS Report for Congress. US. The Library of Congress. Glass, A. (Dec. 2001). The War on Terrorism Goes Online: Media and Government Response to First Post-Internet Crisis. Press, Politics and Public Policy Working Paper Series. The Joan Shorenstein Center, Harvard University. McKinney, C. (10 Aug. 2005). Response to a Coverage of the 9/11 Briefings. Washington, DC. O’Connor, T. (06 Jun 2006). Civic Liberties in Domestic Terrorism. In Megalinks in Criminal Justice. Retrieved August 10, 2006, from http://faculty. ncwc. edu/toconnor/429/429lect19. htm. Rosenzweig P. and Kochems A. (2005). Risk Assessment and Risk Management: Necessary Tools for Homeland Security. Backgrounder. (1889), pp. 1-4. â€Å"Secure Flight† (Feb. 2006). Center for media and Democracy. Retrieved 10 August 2006 from the World Wide Web: http://www. sourcewatch. org/index. php? title=Secure_Flight. Singel, R. (27 Aug. 2004). Secure Flight Gets Wary Welcome. Wired News. Retrieved 10 August 2006 from the World Wide Web: http://www. wired. com/news/privacy/0,1848,64748,00. html â€Å"TSA Reminds Passengers to:† (31 May 2006). Oklahoma Office of Homeland Security. Oklahoma:USA. â€Å"TSA Unveils Enhanced Security Screening Procedures and Changes to the Prohibited Items List† (06 Dec 2005). Oklahoma Office of Homeland Security. Oklahoma: USA. How to cite Aviation Security, Papers

How does Juliets Language change manifest the course of play Essay Example For Students

How does Juliets Language change manifest the course of play? Essay Act 1 scene 3 introduces Juliet to the audience. Here she interacts with the nurse and her mother. Her words emphasise her contrasting relationships with the two. When interacting with the nurse she seems at ease and the words spoken between them shows a friendly and intimate relationship, Nurse Faith I can tell her age unto an hour Juliet And stint thou too, I pray thee nurse, say I she addresses the nurse by her name. In contrast, with her mother she shows respect and only speaks when spoken to madam. Juliet is a intelligent and although perceived my most as an obedient child she is actually being tactical and crafty. Though she only speaks when spoken to, when asked about her opinions of meeting and maybe marrying Paris she gives her mother the impression that shell do as shes told, Ill look to like if looking liking move. But no more deep will I endart mine eye. Than your consent give strength to make it fly she has not actually agreed to do as she is told but has given an answer which will please everyone including herself. Also, earlier on in this scene, she demonstrates independent thinking when asked about her opinion on marriage, it is an honour that I dream not of. This may appear to some as if she is being a young, innocent girl, therefore influenced to answer this way, but in my opinion she is being quick witted and astute. In this scene she has shown such a smart manner that her intelligence remains unknown to both the audience and the characters. As the play continues though, her aptitude and wit is increasingly revealed. Romeo meets Juliet in Act 1 Scene 5 and they engage in sophisticated wordplay. This shows her language changing from innocent to mature. They talk in a sonnet and use religious language, Saints do not move, though grant for prayers sake they converse in this manner to disguise the less safe and respectable subject of kissing, love, romance and their feelings. This conveys Juliets strong religious beliefs. The language she uses does not reflect her true self a child but actually the reflection appears to be a woman in control. Their first conversation is by way of a sonnet. It is spoken contrary to the traditional way of the era of the play where the man speaks all the fourteen lines. This shows they are not practising courtly love, which would be normal for their status and situation in that era. Juliet interrupts Romeos first four lines, quatrain with her own quatrain, which illustrates her independence and need for equality. This also shows that she is unconventional compared to both the time she was living in and her age. Unlike when she discusses Paris, when Juliet talks about Romeo she is certain when she talks of Romeo and her love for him My only love sprung from my only hate! Too early seen unknown, and known too late! Prodigious birth of love it is to me that I must love a loathed enemy In act 2 scene 2 the language that Juliet uses reveals independence from her parents and illustrates her love, feelings and necessity to commit to Romeo to the audience demonstrating confidence in her own mind. If that thy bent of love be honorable, Thy purpose marriage, send me word tomorrow, By one that Ill procure to come to thee, Where and what time thou wilt perform the rite; and all my fortunes at thy foot Ill lay And follow thee my lord throughout the world. this shows that Julie is very modern and unconventional and unorthodox in the way she acts in comparison to the way things are. The audience would have seen this gesture as heroic and quite brave as this would have been practically unheard of. Although some people may see this act as an indication of her being young, naà ¯Ã‚ ¿Ã‚ ½ve and therefore hasty I see this as proof of Juliet being sure of herself, and what she wants and being brave and unafraid take the initiative. .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111 , .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111 .postImageUrl , .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111 , .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111:hover , .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111:visited , .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111:active { border:0!important; } .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111:active , .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111 .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u598dde1b10730493765fa68d925ac111:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Billie Holidays EssayAct 2 scene 5 presents the idea that Juliets language changes as her relationship with the characters she interacts with transforms. The nurse is part of her secret relationship with Romeo and therefore she feels closer to the nurse. She can play with her as she would and could not do with her mother. She has completely withdrawn from her mother. Where is my mother? Why is she within? Where should she be? How oddly thou reply this is because she now has Romeo and his love and is therefore feeling more secure and does not feel that it is so necessary to please everybody now. She talks in a soliloquy at the beginning and poses a lot of rhetorical questio ns. It is evident here to the audience that her language has changed from how it was at the beginning where she seemed uninterested in marriage and all things associated, but now the idea of marriage seems to fill her with anticipation for the answer and excitement, what say he of our marriage, what of that? In my opinion she knew what she wanted from the start and she was just waiting until she found it, she was ready for love but finding love with her enemy was unexpected. Juliets language suggests in Act 3 scene 2 that regardless of the dangers nothing stands in her way once she is committed. After marriage to Romeo without the consent of her parents she remains unswerving in her dedication to him when he is banished for killing Juliets own flesh and blood her cousin Tybalt. The audience can now see the change in Juliet, from a child to an adult literally overnight. She has taken her role as wife seriously, and chooses to support her husband whom she has known for all of three days over her family who she has known all her life. She rebukes the nurse who has been like a mother to her when she suggests being unfaithful to Romeo. Nurse Will you speak well of him that killd your cousin? Juliet Shall I speak ill of him that is my husband? Ah, my poor lord, what tongue shall smooth thy name When I, thy three-hours wife, have mangled it? Juliet makes it clear where her loyalties lie, not with her family, but with her husband. The audience would find this shocking, yet admirable. Act 3 scene 5 presents the last time in which the lovers meet. Although Juliet is happy at seeing Romeo again her language displays maturity and insight in recognising the hazards even in the midst of her passion O now be gone, more light and light it grows Juliet sees things differently to the way Romeo does. She cannot see a happy picture of them but has a omen of things to come. Methinks I see thee, now thou art so low, as one dead in the bottom of a tomb. Juliet though, remains strong and appears to know along with the audience that their situation is doomed. Dramatic irony takes effect and evokes sympathy in the audience, as they know what the characters dont. Juliets desperation is shown in Act 4 scene 1 where she turns to friar Lawrence for help. She will do anything to get away from following her parents instructions and marrying Paris. It is obvious to the audience that she is in love with and devoted to Romeo and therefore accepts the crazy scheme in which the friar comes up with. The audience at this time would have been shocked at the decision Juliet was making here but would have seen a brave and heroic side to Juliets character. Juliet would also be seen as disobedient and disrespectful because of the code of behaviour in that day and age. .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb , .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb .postImageUrl , .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb , .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb:hover , .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb:visited , .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb:active { border:0!important; } .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb:active , .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u58d5ba912bcb762bb3765a87a9c771fb:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Woman in Black- drama coursework EssayJuliet shows great courage in act 4 scene 3. She speaks in soliloquy and starts off with short sentences showing uncertainty of the decision, which is to be made. What if this mixture do not work at all? Shall I be married then tomorrow morning? then she moves on to questions showing paranoia and thought, then she goes on to thinking about the consequences which seem rushed and make her seem as if she is not sure about what she is doing. Finally she decides on the right decision to make and drinks to Romeo RomeoI drink to thee. This is not the sort of behaviour that would have been expected in that time especially in the Roman Catholic Church where suicide and killing was completely unacceptable in her faith. Since Juliets behaviours and attitudes were so inappropriate for the time, she may have seemed rash and foolhardy to the Elizabethan audience. Personally, though I think that she should be celebrated for her courage.

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Management and Organisational Behaviour Experiences of Workplace Inc

Question: Describe about the Management and Organisational Behaviour for Experiences of Workplace Incivility. Answer: Introduction The given case study describes an incident or a circumstances faced by Barbara, in her first job out of college, where she is not satisfied with the job profile as it does not meet to her expectations, as promised to her during her recruitment. This case study also encompasses the primary hurdles, which occur in any large corporate firm such as hostile environment in the workplace, uncooperative team members and also the stress faced due to difference of opinion among boss and employee or due to difference of opinion at a management level. This is referred to as the work pl ace emotions, and the consequences of such emotions lead to positive motivation or demotivation of employees. The company mentioned in this company is a manufacturing company named Matalvi Engineering, situated in Hamilton, New Zealand. It also has plants in South Auckland and Christchurch and has about 450 employees making it one of the large companies in New Zealand. Only the prime employees have been highlighte d in the case study, especially the Chief accountant, named Bob Nash who is quite approachable, Vernon Sarte Chief cost accountant, who is easy going according to his employees, Peter Broome the Management Accountant, who is referred as moody by his employees, and he also is Barbaras boss. This case study aims to analyse the problems faced by Barbara in this company especially with regard to her boss Peter Broome and to provide recommendations to such issues as how one can improve the emotions expressed in a workplace and reduce hostility considerably. Problem Identification Being a graduate student in management studies, Barbara showed interest in a company like Matalvi Engineering, because of two main reasons, first due to the exposure that she will get, on the accounting procedures of a large firm, and second reason being the higher starting salary that she was being offered by the company as compared to other firms. The designation that she had been provided was that of assistant cost accountant. The first hurdle, which she faced on her first day at job, was that no one was expecting her. First being the uncooperative environment at office, made her feel miserable and secondly to make things worse, she was not provided with the designation that was promised to her on the day of recruitment instead she was assigned to management information system. Her main job role as mentioned by her boss Peter Broome, included compiling information for monthly management report termed as Big Brother, but the work she was engaged in was mainly clerical, which was again against her expectations. After the collation of the monthly report there was hardly any job at hand for Barbara, which questions the efficiency of the people in charge of the job. Managing monthly information does not necessarily require four people, it could be easily done by two or three people. Engaging more people in a job profile than required, results in uneven distribution of task and is an overall loss for the company, since the company has to provide remunerations for excess labour as well. The third hurdle or issue in this case study, is the communication gap among the managing heads of the company. Chief accountant Bob Nash, not only informs Barbara about the management workshop in Auckland but also encourages her to participate in the same. Since Peter was away on leave for two weeks, Barbara was unable to ask for his permission or inform him to which Bob reassured that he would have a word with Peter, which he never did. Because of which Peter accused Barbara of not informing him and claimed that he was losing his value in the company. However, Barbaras colleagues were supportive and consoled her. On reporting this to the chief accountant, he again assured that he would talk to Peter on this matter, but he does not. The fourth issue in this case is the misbehaviour of a leader or a manager with his employees. As seen, in this case Peter verbally assaults Barbara, on hearing that she has attended the workshop without informing him. He accused her for conspiring against him, by not asking his permission. He even threats her that since she reports to him, she should ensure to abide by his rules. The Chief cost accountant, Vernon on the contrary seemed friendly, he had taken time out of his schedule to talk to an employee who does not report to him and advised Barbara to write a report of her encounter with her boss, which would be brought up during the meeting. Barbara requested for a transfer writing the same and submitted the report to the Chief accountants secretary. The final issue of this case is Peters acts of prejudice, of not appreciating his employees for their ideas and taking credit for the same. This is demotivating for the employees since they do not disclose their opinion and negative environment is created. In this case Peter, improvises on Mikes ideas on revising the monthly managing report and proposes to present the same to the meeting as his own. Analysis and Evaluation The issues in this case study is analysed on the basis of the emotions and attitudes portrayed in a workplace. Positive emotions in a workplace tend to motivate the employees and aid in achieving targets (Vie et. al 2012). Expression of negative emotions at workplace not only creates a negative impression of the company amongst the employees but also affects the overall reputation of the firm in the outside world (Wilson 2013). However, this case depicts negative emotions such as hostile environment, where people are very unwelcoming on her first day of the job which demotivates her. Stress is another emotion that is faced by Barbara especially the dilemmas she has to go through while deciding to attend the workshop (Schiopu 2015). Promising a designation to Barbara which has no existence is an act of prejudice on the companys part, this is also a negative emotion. There is another such instance where Barbaras mentioned job role in MIS is compiling information, but in reality it is p urely clerical and is not worth the management degree. Such an act forces an employee to distrust the organization and also decreases the job satisfaction and demotivates the employees, which in turn affects the productivity of the company (Vacharkulksemsuk and Fredrickson 2013). The final negative emotion that is observed in this case is the verbal abuse of employees by their seniors (Stets and Turner 2014). This creates a negative impression on employees, who then are so extremely dissatisfied with their job, that they have no other option than to resign. As in this case Barbara either thinks of a transfer to a different department or a resignation. In such issues it is the reputation of the company that is affected. The major attitudes in a workplace can be classified as cognitive, affective and behavioural (Glaso and Notelaers 2012). The affective component of an attitude is the feelings that an individual person has about an object. The behavioural component describes a persons behaviour towards the object, while cognitive depicts the individual beliefs about an object (McLeod 2014). Considering the instances in the present case, the first negative attitude encountered by Barbara was the unwelcoming attitude of the employees of the company, which is a behavioural component of an attitude. The second instance of where Barbaras colleagues console her saying that it is a usual attitude of their boss to be irritated, but he will soon calm down, depict a cognitive attitude, since it is their individual belief about their boss. Highlighting another behavioural attitude is, behaviour of Peter towards Barbara, and accusing her of conniving against him. This behavioural component leads to the affective component of both individuals towards each other, which changes the cognitive attitude of the individual (Langton, Robbins and Judge 2013). As seen in this case, such behaviour initiates negative feelings inside Barbara regarding Peter (affective), which in turn changes her belief that Peter is an uncooperative person (cognitive) (Bunk and Magley 2013). A similar instance is seen, where Mike has a negative feeling about Peter for presenting Mikes revision plans as his own, which changes his beliefs about him, to never trust his boss again. Recommendations The following measures can be adopted for improving the organizational behaviour in Matalvi Engineering A face to face meeting with employees is necessary in such cases in order to receive a feedback and suggestion from them. In this world of technology, one should emphasize on the personal interaction of the management system with their employees, because everything cannot be communicated through mail which are quite impersonal (Dalege et. al 2016). Rephrasing instructions is also a way to make an employee feel valuable. For example instead of ordering a person on how a job must be done, one should make it look as if its a coordinated job. Like replacing You must do it this way, with Lets do it this way, while providing instructions to employees (Henderson et. al 2013). Exhibiting a vulnerable side in case of a manager, could prove to be beneficial. Generally it is observed that employees perceive their managers as perfectionists and thus be intimidated by them. They often tend to hold a belief that managers are unapproachable, displaying flawlessness makes the employees feel inferior of their shortcomings. Just as it is often said to err is human, demonstrating vulnerability makes them realize that their managers are also subject to emotions, and can make mistakes, yet be a leader despite of imperfection (Russell and Friedrich 2015). References Bunk, J.A. and Magley, V.J., 2013. The role of appraisals and emotions in understanding experiences of workplace incivility.Journal of Occupational Health Psychology,18(1), p.87. Dalege, J., Borsboom, D., van Harreveld, F., van den Berg, H., Conner, M. and van der Maas, H.L., 2016. Toward a formalized account of attitudes: The Causal Attitude Network (CAN) model.Psychological review,123(1), p.2. Glas, L. and Notelaers, G., 2012. Workplace bullying, emotions, and outcomes.Violence and victims,27(3), pp.360-377. Henderson, C., Williams, P., Little, K. and Thornicroft, G., 2013. Mental health problems in the workplace: changes in employers knowledge, attitudes and practices in England 2006-2010.The British Journal of Psychiatry,202(s55), pp.s70-s76. Langton, N., Robbins, S.P. and Judge, T.A., 2013.Fundamentals of organizational behaviour. Pearson Education Canada. McLeod, S., 2014. Attitudes and behavior. Russell, S. and Friedrich, E., 2015. The Relationship between Emotions and Workplace Pro-Environmental Behaviors. Schiopu, A.F., 2015. Workplace Emotions and Job Satisfaction.International Journal of Economic Practices and Theories,5(3), pp.277-282. Stets, J.E. and Turner, J.H. eds., 2014.Handbook of the Sociology of Emotions(Vol. 2). Springer. Vacharkulksemsuk, T. and Fredrickson, B.L., 2013. Looking back and glimpsing forward: The Broaden-and-Build Theory of Positive Emotions as applied to organizations.Advances in positive organizational psychology,1, pp.45-60. Vie, T.L., Glas, L. and EINARSEN, S., 2012. How does it feel? Workplace bullying, emotions and musculoskeletal complaints.Scandinavian journal of psychology,53(2), pp.165-173. Wilson, F.M., 2013.Organizational behaviour and work: a critical introduction. Oxford University Press.